Reinfection with South African variant

Severe reinfection with South African SARS-CoV-2 variant 501Y.V2: A case report

Journal of Clinical Infectious Diseases, 10 February 2021


Rare albeit probably underestimated

Confirmed cases worldwide, 31

In most cases less severe than the initial infection

A case of severe SARS-CoV-2 reinfection with South African variant 501Y.V2

September, mild COVID-19, no genomic sequencing

58-year old immunocompetent male

History of asthma

December, tested negative twice

January 2021, 129 days later, recurrent dyspnea and fever

K417N, E484K and N501Y in RBD

5 others in spike protein

Seven days later, severe acute respiratory distress syndrome

Requiring intubation and mechanical ventilation

SA variant not previously associated with more severe disease

Dexamethasone and tocilizumab

Antibody testing was positive for IgG against SARS-CoV-2


Foreign minister, vaccinated last month, resigned

Health Minister, resigned

Early vaccination of senior officials

Hospitals overwhelmed

Health workers rolling, from February 8, 300,000 doses



UK variant, 16 cases

Cluster, workers at a quarantine hotel at Melbourne airport

Five day lockdown

Two new cases of locally transmitted infections, 3 year old

New Zealand

Three unexplained cases

One family

Airline catering laundry worker

Three-day lockdown in Auckland


Approves BioNTech-Pfizer vaccine

Starting next week

Small sample size of the extra trial



at full capacity, end of March / April

smart to avoid a third wave, March 7th

UK, Ten day hotel quarantine starts today

England, red list of 33 countries

Scotland, all international arrivals

£1, 750

£650 for additional adult

Priority groups


First dose, 15,062,189

Second dose, 537,715

Starting group 5

All those 65 years of age and over

Next, group 6

Adults aged 16 to 65 years in an at-risk group

Excess mortality reveals Covid’s true toll in Russia

1 January 2021, Deaths

Russia 57,600 deaths (0.04% of population)

Peru (0.12%)

Spain (0.11%)

UK (0.11%)

USA (0.11%)

Excess mortality in Russia from April to November

Excess deaths, 264,100

Estimate of excess mortality is 6.5 times than the 40,500 deaths reported

April to November, 0.18% of the country’s population

Ratio of 6.5, largest ratio across all countries

Daily reported death count for Russia, one of the least reliable indicators of epidemiological situation across all countries

By comparison

US, x 1.3

Mexico, x 2.5

Italy, x 1.7

UK, x 1.5

Spain, x 1.4

Iran, x 2.4

Germany, x 1.2

Poland, x 2.9

South Africa, x 2.1

Russia, 14th February 2021

Population, 144 million

Official death figures, 78,825 (JH)

X 6.5 = 512,362

0.35% of population

Source: Dr. John Campbell

More News

  • U.S. Army Special Forces Highlights Readiness Capabilities
    The 10th Special Forces Group (Airborne) highlights areas of readiness. They maintain high standards in physical fitness, training, daily performance, and personal appearance. 🎥 ➡️ Pvt. Steven Alger #USArmy | #Readiness| #ArmyTeam About U.S. Army: The Army Mission – our purpose – remains constant: To deploy, fight and […]
  • Cohen: Capitol Riot Akin To ‘Shooting Somebody On 5th Avenue And Getting Away With It’ | NBC News
    Rep. Steve Cohen, D-Tenn., called the riot at the Capitol an “attempt to murder Congress” and urged his colleagues to pass the resolution calling on Vice President Mike Pence to invoke the 25th Amendment. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC […]
  • Chris Cuomo on GOP: So much for being about the Constitution
    CNN’s Chris Cuomo reacts after 45 out of 50 Republican senators voted to dismiss former President Trump’s impeachment trial just after being sworn in and promising to be impartial. #CNN #News Source: CNN […]
  • Pfizer Applies For Emergency Use Authorization For Its Covid-19 Vaccine | NBC Nightly News
    Pfizer became the first drugmaker to seek emergency authorization from the FDA for its vaccine, which it says is 95 percent effective. Moderna is also expected to submit its data soon. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News Digital is a […]
  • WATCH LIVE: Barr makes remarks on 1988 bombing of Pan Am flight 103
    Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: Find more from PBS NewsHour at Subscribe to our YouTube channel: Follow us: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram: […]
  • Constitution Day-2020 -5
    Constitution Day-2020 -5 Source: Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change […]
  • Raskin Warns Acquitting Trump Would ‘Set A New Terrible Standard For Presidential Misconduct’
    Rep. Jamie Raskin told the Senate that if they acquit former President Trump for his role in inciting the Capitol riot, "you have set a new terrible standard for presidential misconduct." » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News […]
  • PBS NewsHour 7pm update, Nov. 23, 2020
    Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: Find more from PBS NewsHour at Subscribe to our YouTube channel: Follow us: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram: […]
  • Prince Philip transfers hospitals for tests, more treatment
    As a new, tell-all interview with Prince Harry and Duchess Meghan prepares to air on March 7, Prince Philip has moved to another hospital specializing in cardiac care. The 99-year-old husband of Queen Elizabeth was moved to St. Bartholomew’s Hospital where he will undergo tests for a pre-existing heart condition, and […]
  • SE Cupp: It’s okay to criticize Rush Limbaugh
    CNN Political Commentator SE Cupp reflects on the legacy of conservative radio icon Rush Limbaugh following his death at the age of 70. #SECupp #CNN #News Source: CNN […]
  • WATCH: Why Georgia has two Senate runoffs in January
    In November, Georgia’s incumbent Republican Sens. David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler faced challenges from Democrats Jon Ossoff and Raphael Warnock, respectively. When none of the candidates received at least 50 percent of the vote, which is required by Georgia law in order to declare a winner, it triggered the runoffs. […]
  • 26 states set records for coronavirus hospitalizations Thanksgiving week
    Following a month of skyrocketing Covid-19 cases, the US has reached its highest number yet of hospitalizations due to the virus. The US surpassed 80,000 daily hospitalizations on November 19 and set new records steadily for 17 days straight until Friday, according to the COVID Tracking Project. Then on Saturday, the […]
  • DIA MIRZA congratulates Young Champion of the Earth Vidyut Mohan
    UNEP Goodwill Ambassador, Dia Mirza, calls Vidyut Mohan to congratulate him on being selected as one of the UNEP Young Champions of the Earth for 2020 for Asia and The Pacific. Vidyut Mohan, from India, co-founded Takachar, which builds affordable and portable biomass upgrading equipment, allowing farmers to earn […]
  • Pelosi Delivers Remarks As House Debates Second Impeachment Of President Trump | NBC News
    House Speaker Nancy Pelosi opened debate for the second impeachment of President Trump for inciting the Capitol riot, saying the president posed a "clear and present danger" to the country. She called those who stormed the Capitol "domestic terrorists" and urged the Congress to act. » Subscribe to […]
  • Snowbound
    Helicopters assigned to the 101st Combat Aviation Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) experience a day of snow in Illesheim, Germany, Jan. 6, 2021. The 101st is in Europe supporting Atlantic Resolve, a joint, multinational exercise meant to enhance international interoperability and deter foreign threats. 🎥 […]
  • Coronavirus: Fatigue over COVID-19 fueling growing acts of defiance
    As Canada braces for the full impact of the new COVID-19 variants, public health officials are also grappling with the growing problem of COVID fatigue and frustration. This week, several business owners in rural Alberta opened their restaurants in defiance of public health orders. With patience wearing thin, emotions […]
  • Sailors Aboard USS Barry (DDG 52) Work to SinkCOVID
    Show me a Sailor who will get a shot in their arm, I will show you a Sailor who will fight. For BARRY Sailors, getting the COVID vaccine has been about service. Service to our country. To our Navy. But often more important, service to our brothers and sisters on the ship, ready to battle. When it’s your time, […]
  • Live: NBC News NOW – February 10
    NBC News NOW is live, reporting breaking news and developing stories in real time. We are on the scene, covering the most important stories of the day and taking deep dives on issues you care about. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News […]
  • The Year 2020: George Floyd’s death in police custody sparks a racial reckoning
    Floyd died in Minneapolis a few months after Breonna Taylor and Ahmaud Arbery were killed. The moment led to calls for justice for other Black lives lost, police reform and tangible change. Source: ABC News […]
  • Nashville bomber’s girlfriend told police in 2019 he was building explosives
    A woman who said she was the girlfriend of the man who set off the Christmas Day explosion in Nashville told police last year he was making bombs in his recreational vehicle, according to a statement and documents the Metropolitan Nashville Police Department provided to CNN. On August 21, 2019, police received a call […]
  • WATCH: Why this winter should be our ‘most outdoorsy’ yet
    The winter months tend to push our social lives inside, but this year, that shift could cause more people to contract the coronavirus from even small gatherings. That’s why Dr. Ranit Mishori of Georgetown University advocates for making this winter our “most outdoorsy” one yet, noting that masks serve the dual purpose […]
  • Witness Videos Capture Aftermath Of Christmas Morning Nashville Vehicle Explosion | NBC News NOW
    Surveillance video captured the sound of the massive vehicle blast that occurred in Nashville, Tenn., on Christmas morning. Police are describing the incident as an “intentional act.” » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News Digital is a […]
  • Trump continues flurry of pardons, while complicating new COVID relief
    This Christmas Eve has been anything but quiet in Washington after President Trump’s surprise announcement that he doesn’t support a new COVID relief bill. And last night, the president added 29 pardons and commutations, with many familiar names on the list. William Brangham spoke with Andrew Weissmann, […]
  • 116-Year-Old French Nun, World’s Second-Oldest Person, Beats Covid Infection | NBC News NOW
    Sister André, 117 on February 11 and thought to be the second-oldest person alive, survived a coronavirus outbreak that killed 10 people in her care home. “I wasn’t scared because I’m not scared of dying," she said. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: […]
  • General Public: Care for Yourself
    Tips to encourage taking care of yourself one small way each day. The COVID-19 pandemic may be stressful for people. Coping with stress in a healthy way will make you, the people you care about, and your community stronger. Comments on this video are allowed in accordance with our comment policy: […]
  • New Year’s 2021: Thailand ushers in the New Year with spectacular musical fireworks display
    Thailand ushered in the New Year with a musical fireworks display at the Iconsiam mall in Bangkok amid surges in coronavirus cases that disrupted outdoor celebrations. This New Year’s Eve is being celebrated like no other, with coronavirus pandemic restrictions limiting crowds and many people bidding farewell to a […]
  • DRL Supporting Independent Media in Moldova
    Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor United States Department of State  Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (DRL) Notice of Funding Opportunity (NOFO): DRL Supporting Independent Media in Moldova This is the announcement of funding opportunity number SFOP0007577 Catalog of Federal Domestic Assistance […]
  • Keilar: After everything, Ted Cruz has the gall to say this …
    CNN’s Brianna Keilar rolls the tape on all the times President Trump has embraced violence and the way Sen. Ted Cruz (R-TX) has tried to rewrite his past support of Trump since the riot at the Capitol. #BriannaKeilar #CNN #News Source: CNN […]
  • ‘Let’s give each other a chance’ – President-elect Biden gives victory speech
    President-elect Biden addresses the nation for the first time since winning the US presidential election. (Subscribe: ———————– Follow us on Instagram – […]
  • WATCH: CIA director nominee William Burns testifies during Senate confirmation hearing
    Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: Find more from PBS NewsHour at Subscribe to our YouTube channel: Follow us: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram: […]
  • President Trump Permanently Banned From Twitter | NBC Nightly News
    On Friday, Twitter banned President Trump from the platform “due to the risk of further incitement of violence.” Since Twitter is a private company, experts say this is not a violation of the First Amendment.» Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC […]
  • PBS NewsHour full episode, Feb. 2, 2021
    Tuesday on the NewsHour, President Biden signs executive orders reversing Trump administration policies on family separation, border security and legal migration. Also, Sen. John Barrasso discusses negotiations over a major COVID relief bill, and debates over the risks and benefits of returning to in-person classes in […]
  • USS Iwo Jima Practicing for the Future Fight
    USS IWO Jima Participates in exercises off the coast of North Carolina. (U.S. Navy video by Mass Communication Specialist 2nd Class J. E. Veal/Released) Source: U.S. Navy […]
  • WATCH: Rep. Andy Biggs’ full statement on second Trump impeachment
    Rep. Andy Biggs, R-Ariz., argued against a second impeachment of President Donald Trump during a hearing Jan. 13. Democrats are pursuing a quick second impeachment a week after President Donald Trump gave a speech they say incited insurrection. On Jan. 6, while Congress was in the process of counting electoral votes […]
  • Coronavirus: BC five days of COVID-19 data on Tuesday | LIVE
    B.C. health officials are set to announce five days of COVID-19 numbers on Tuesday at 3 p.m. PT. The province’s last update came on Christmas Eve when it reported 582 new cases of COVID-19 and 12 additional deaths. The province’s COVID-19 death toll stood at 808 and there were 8,865 active cases of the virus and […]
  • Voting Against a Backdrop of Police Violence in Philadelphia
    We cover the post-Walter Wallace Jr. killing protests as elections take place in the backdrop both in the city and the country at large. Subscribe to VICE News here: Check out VICE News for more: Follow VICE News here: Facebook: […]
  • Worth The Watch For The Sounds Alone! South Korean Main Battle Tanks In Action: Loud Tank Live Fire
    This impressive video shows South Korean Main Battle Tanks mostly K1 and K2 Black Panthers in action and is worth the watch just for the sound of the tanks main guns alone. Credits: South Korean Ministry of Defense WarLeaks – Military Blog covers events, news, missions & facts from the United States Armed […]
  • ‘This is about making it more difficult to vote’: John Avlon on new GA bill
    CNN’s John Avlon and Van Jones react to a Georgia GOP bill intended to restrict voting by taking measures like eliminating Sunday voting and limiting the use of drop boxes. #CNN #News Source: CNN […]
  • Dick Durbin on relief talks: ‘The negotiations aren’t complete’
    Sen. Dick Durbin details what is holding up the negotiations on a pandemic relief bill, and what the U.S. should be doing to confront Russia after its alleged cyberattack on government agencies. WATCH the ABC News Live Stream Here: SUBSCRIBE to ABC NEWS: […]
  • What Dr. Fauci wants to see during the Covid-19 pandemic
    Dr. Anthony Fauci explains to CNN’s Chris Cuomo why point-of-care coronavirus tests that can be administered at home is what he will be pushing for from the next administration. #CNN #News Source: CNN […]
  • What are the indicators of pollution in the Arctic? | Ask a Scientist
    How do scientists identify pollution in the Arctic? What are some clues that can help them? Dr. Magali Houde, Research Scientist at Environment and Climate Change Canada, has the answers! Learn how to submit your question to Ask A Scientist! Get the details here: * * * * * Transcript […]
  • Belarus’ ongoing protests: Examined l ABC News
    Why protesters have not been able to push President Alexander Lukashenko from power. READ MORE: #ABCNews #Belarus #Lukashenko Source: ABC News […]
  • Author Jia Tolentino on American culture through the prism of the internet
    The January pick for our “Now Read This” book club was a book of essays exploring many aspects of American culture through the prism of the internet and social media. At age 32, author Jia Tolentino has gained acclaim as one of its most astute observers. She’s a also a staff writer for The New Yorker and “Trick […]
  • Data scientist: COVID-19 is leading cause of death in San Joaquin County
    A data scientist wanted to see just how dangerous the coronavirus has been in San Joaquin County. Chuck Davis, Chief Technology Officer at Bayesiant, sorted through more than 50,000 death records in the county over the past seven years. “What we found is that COVID is the singular leading cause of death in 2020. And […]
  • Coronavirus: London residents react as England enters new national lockdown
    Britain began its third COVID-19 lockdown on Tuesday, with citizens told to stay at home after the government called for one last major national effort to contain the virus as it ramps up its vaccination program. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced the lockdown late on Monday, saying the highly-contagious […]
  • President Trump could face legal ramifications after Capitol Hill riots
    Law professor Deborah Pearlstein discusses potential constitutional and criminal liabilities President Donald Trump could face after leaving office. WATCH the ABC News Live Stream Here: SUBSCRIBE to ABC NEWS: Watch More on LIKE […]
  • A Tangled Web l 20/20 l PART 2
    Texts from Cari Farver become intense, but no one has seen her: Part 2 Dave Kroupa had only been dating Cari Farver for two weeks when his phone started blowing up with vile texts from her. Meanwhile, her mother grew concerned when she couldn’t get her on the phone. WATCH THE FULL EPISODE OF […]
  • Boston restores monument to Black civil war troops
    In a time when statues and monuments around the country are being removed for what they represent, the Shaw Memorial in Boston is receiving attention of a different sort. It is being fully restored, with pride that the monument depicting Black soldiers marching off to battle in the civil war, stands the test of time. […]
  • Joe Biden’s family: Here’s what we know about America’s next first family | USA TODAY
    An in depth look at the next first family. RELATED: Joe Biden delivers remarks on the economy Joe Biden is the president-elect of the United States. Here’s a look at America’s next first family. » Subscribe to USA TODAY: » Watch more on this and other […]
  • GOP Senator appeals to Black constituents after sowing doubt about election
    Sen. James Lankford (R-OK) under pressure from his Black constituents over his decision to initially support objections to Congress’ certification of President-elect Joe Biden’s victory, explained his decision-making in a letter but did not apologize for sowing doubt about election security. #CNN #News […]
  • PBS NewsHour live episode, Jan. 5, 2020
    Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: Find more from PBS NewsHour at Subscribe to our YouTube channel: Follow us: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram: […]
  • Nashville Police Say Officers Had No Legal Basis For Search Warrants Of Bomber’s Home | NBC News NOW
    Metro Nashville Police Chief John Drake gives an update on the investigation of Anthony Quinn Warner, including details of the August 2019 report that he talked about building bombs. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC video: NBC News Digital is a […]
    For copyright matters please contact us at: BRAIN TIME ► 1. Bugatti Bolide 2. Mercedes-Benz Vision Urbanetic […]
  • Tsunami sirens ring out on New Zealand’s North Island following earthquake
    A tsunami warning was issued for large stretches of New Zealand’s northeast coastline on March 5 after a magnitude-8.1 earthquake — the third in the country that morning — struck near the Kermadec Islands, about 600 miles northeast of the North Island. New Zealand’s National Emergency Management Agency warned […]
  • PBS NewsHour West live episode, Jan. 14, 2021
    Stream your PBS favorites with the PBS app: Find more from PBS NewsHour at Subscribe to our YouTube channel: Follow us: Facebook: Twitter: Instagram: […]
  • The Rundown: Top headlines Wednesday: Dec. 9, 2020
    Stay up to date on the developing stories making headlines. Source: ABC News […]
  • 4 Steps to Eliminate Debt
    U.S. News & World Report’s Credit Card Expert and Personal Finance Analyst Beverly Harzog shares a strategy for conquering debt. For more personal finance advice, visit Source: U.S. News & World Report […]
  • Private baby scan studios ‘a growing concern’ – BBC News
    A BBC News investigation has uncovered failures in the diagnosis of serious medical issues during private baby scans. More than 200 studios across the UK now sell ultrasound scans, with hundreds of thousands being carried out each year. But the BBC has uncovered evidence of women not being told about serious […]
  • NYC Mayor Bill De Blasio Warns More Restrictions Could Be Coming After Closing Schools | NBC News
    New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio said that the city needs to "reset the equation" to combat rising coronavirus cases and reopen schools. De Blasio also warned that New Yorkers can expect more restrictions on indoor dining and gyms. » Subscribe to NBC News: » Watch more NBC […]
  • News Wrap: Texas lifts COVID mask mandate, ends limits on indoor dining
    In our news wrap Tuesday, Texas lifted its COVID mask mandate and Gov. Greg Abbott ended limits on indoor dining at restaurants, President Biden pitched his $1.9 trillion relief bill to Senate Democrats, the U.S. is imposing economic sanctions over Alexei Navalny’s poisoning and jailing in Russia, and three female […]

Breaking News